Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
The Genocide Convention was drafted following WWII to try to prevent systematic targeting of minority groups from happening again.
One of the first conventions adopted by the United Nations General Assembly after its foundation in 1945 was the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (the Genocide Convention). The Convention was drafted in response to the atrocities committed during World War II, including the systematic targeting of minority groups. The Genocide Convention criminalises genocide, meaning that under international law, national governments can be punished if they attempt, conspire or incite the act of genocide.
During WWII, the Nazi regime systematically targeted minority groups including Jews, the LGBTI community, people with disability and European Roma, among others. Under the Nazi regime, the human rights of these people were actively abused and denied. The Genocide Convention was adopted by the United Nations in an effort to prevent atrocities, such as the Holocaust, from happening again.